Leslie Kasperowicz holds a BA in Social Sciences from the University of Winnipeg. She spent several years as a Farmers Insurance CSR, gaining a solid understanding of insurance products including home, life, auto, and commercial and working directly with insurance customers to understand their needs. She has since used that knowledge in her more than ten years as a writer, largely in the insuranc...

Full Bio →

Written by Leslie Kasperowicz
Farmers CSR for 4 Years Leslie Kasperowicz

Melanie Musson is the fourth generation in her family to work in the insurance industry. She grew up with insurance talk as part of her everyday conversation and has studied to gain an in-depth knowledge of state-specific car insurance laws and dynamics as well as a broad understanding of how insurance fits into every person’s life, from budgets to coverage levels. She also specializes in automa...

Full Bio →

Reviewed by Melanie Musson
Published Insurance Expert Melanie Musson

UPDATED: Jun 29, 2021

Advertiser Disclosure

Pet Insurance U receives compensation from the third parties included on this site. This includes payment for clicks from our site to insurance providers’ sites and quote requests generated. Our rankings and reviews are not affected by payments from the insurance companies. The compensation we receive allows the site to be free and regularly updated. Our goal is to review every pet insurance provider, but not all companies are listed on the site.

And many of the companies we review do not pay us anything. We simply rate, compare and review their plan because we feel it will be valuable to you. Our reviews are guaranteed to be unbiased, professional and advertising compensation does not influence rankings.

We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about pet insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything pet insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by pet insurance experts.

French Bulldogs originated in France during the 1800s. Most people agree that they were the result of a cross between English Bulldogs and ratter dogs.

However, their origin is not clear, some people claim that Frenchies were the result of the cross of a miniature version of the English Bulldog with a French Terrier, while others claim that they originated from the cross of a tiny Toy bulldog with an English bulldog.

French Bulldog Origins

During the Industrial Revolution, lace workers from England migrated to France and brought a variety of dogs with them, including miniature Bulldogs. French people were immediately charmed by the small Bulldogs, particularly the ones with erect ears, a feature that was disliked by the English breeders.

As the miniature Bulldogs became popular in France, breeders in England began to export Bulldogs that they considered being too small, or with faults such as erect ears.

Parisians named the dogs “Bouledogue Francais” and the French breeders started selecting the dogs that had the “bat” ears. The French Bulldog became a popular breed among people from all classes and it was later named as “French Bulldog”.

french bulldog breed origin

Frenchies became popular in the United States in the late 1800s. An American French bulldog club was formed in 1898. By 1913, this breed was one of the most popular dogs in the United States.
Table of Contents:

  1. Physical Characteristics
  2. Common Health Concerns
  3. Personality
  4. Training
  5. Grooming
  6. Exercise and Energy
  7. Feeding
  8. Pet Insurance
  9. French Bulldog Right For You?

Although its popularity has decreased, many people are still devoted fans of this small and lovable breed.
According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), French Bulldog is the 6th most popular dog breed in the United States.

Breed Function: Companion

Also known as: Bouledogue Francais, Frenchie

Life span: 10 – 12 years

Average Size: 11 to 13 inches

Average Weight: 28 pounds

Origin: France


  • Lively
  • Playful
  • Easygoing
  • Bright
  • Patient
  • Affectionate
  • Sociable

Family: Mastiff (bulldog)

Common Health Issues:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Patellar luxation
  • Entropion
  • Stenotic nares
  • Elongated soft palate (brachycephalic syndrome)
  • Heat and exercise intolerance
  • Intervertebral disc degeneration

Enter your ZIP code below to view companies that have cheap pet insurance rates.

secured lock Secured with SHA-256 Encryption

French Bulldog Physical Characteristics

The French Bulldog, or Frenchie, is one of the smaller bulldog-breeds, weighing 20 pounds (9 kg) on average. French Bulldogs are adored for their funny bulging eyes, smashed faces, and erect ears.

Their name, of course, refers to their country of origin, where Frenchies were first bred in the 19th century as fighting dogs. Often compared to clowns because of their comical expressions and love of play, Frenchies are nevertheless fairly even-tempered and make great family dogs, having a rare but distinctive bark.

  • Robust and muscular body type. French Bulldogs have wide bones, wide shoulders, muscular short legs and moderate-sized feet with compact toes and short nails.
  • Square shaped head. Their square-shaped head features round, dark eyes, and “bat” ears. They have a square-shaped head with round, dark eyes, and “bat” ears.
  • Wrinkled smooth coat. One of the most attractive features of this small companion dog is its wrinkled smooth coat. Frenchies have a wide neck with loose skin and a straight or screwed tail. The short-haired coat comes in a variety of colors including brindle, fawn, and white, or brindle and white.

To read more about the French Bulldog’s breed standard, download the Official Standard of the French Bulldog by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

French Bulldog Common Health Concerns

French Bulldogs are classified as brachycephalic (short-faced) and dwarf dogs, which makes them especially susceptible to various health issues.

Brachycephalic dogs are less efficient at breathing than long-nosed breeds, for this reason, they have less heat, exercise, and stress tolerance.

Anesthesia is riskier in short-faced dogs, for this reason, it is important to discuss the risk of anesthesia with your veterinarian before any surgery.

  • Brachycephalic syndrome. Brachycephalic syndrome, which is a combination of tracheal collapse, narrowed nostrils (stenotic nares), and other congenital abnormalities that lead to respiratory difficulty. Dogs with the brachycephalic syndrome have issues tolerating heat, exercise, and stress, have noisy breathing and sometimes spit foam. 
  • Cherry eye. Some dogs develop inflammation of a gland associated with the eyelids, which can become distended and inflamed and considerable discomfort. The condition can usually be treated successfully with medication or, in more severe cases, surgery.
  • Heatstroke. Brachycephalic dogs tend to have breathing difficulty and they cannot tolerate excessive heat or vigorous exercise. You should keep your Frenchie cool during warm weather, and avoid vigorous exercise.
  • Hip dysplasia. Hip dysplasia is a congenital and hereditable condition in which the femur does not fit appropriately into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. French Bulldogs who suffer from hip dysplasia may exhibit pain and lameness on one or both rear legs. Arthritis can develop with time. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred.
  • Entropion. This congenital condition occurs when the dog’s upper or lower eyelids roll inward toward the inside of the eye. French Bulldogs with this condition will show visible signs of abnormally rolled eyelids, pain, and swelling of eyes. Treatment consists of the surgical replacement of the eyelid. If left untreated, entropion may lead to corneal ulceration and vision loss
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease. French Bulldogs and other dwarf breeds may have spine issues, such as vertebrae malformations and premature degeneration of the intervertebral discs. Although the spine is supported by good musculature, herniation of degenerated discs can occur, and most back problems are due to disc disease rather than to abnormal vertebrae.
  • Patellar luxation. The kneecap or patellar luxation can occur for a variety of reasons, usually because of a congenital defect that prevents the patella from staying seated in its groove.
    Many cases of patellar luxation are mild and do not require surgical treatment, though, in more severe or persistent cases, surgery will be needed to prevent future complications.

Health ConditionRisk ProfileAvg. Treatment Cost
Brachycephalic syndromeHigh$200 to $1,500
Cherry eyeMedium$490 to $1,050
HeatstrokeMedium$205 to $2,315
Hip DysplasiaMedium$1,500 to $6,000
EntropionHigh$305 to $1,490
Intervertebral Disc DiseaseHigh$2,500 to $7,000
Patellar luxationMedium$1345 to $2955
Get Your Rates Quote Now

Compare RatesStart Now →

French Bulldog PersonalityLearn more: You can learn more about this is other genetic diseases in French Bulldogs and other breeds on the Guide to Congenital and Heritable Disorders in Dogs published by The Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association.

french bulldog temperament and personality

French Bulldogs are excellent companion dogs. They are well-known for being affectionate, well behaved, lively, playful, easygoing, bright, patient, affectionate and sociable.

This breed thrives on human contact; they are highly sociable and demand lots of attention. They generally get along well with everyone, including children. Occasionally the male French bulldog might be aggressive with other dogs.

Those who have owned a Frenchie know how attentive they can be; you will often find your French Bulldog quietly following you around and asking for your attention with a paw tap.

Although they tend to be very quiet, when they do bark you should take it seriously, he or she is probably trying to alert you.

French Bulldog puppies are quite playful, and their play tends to be on the destructive side. They usually break their toys – or anything else they are playing with! Be especially careful with toys on which they could choke, like rawhides, small balls or any toy that they may swallow.

As your Frenchie ages, he/she will become more sedentary but you should encourage physical activity to keep him/her healthy.

French Bulldogs are not built to be in the water – given their squat build and heavy head, most Frenchies cannot swim. Be careful if you have a pool at home and do not allow your Frenchie into the pool.

French Bulldogs do not like to be left alone for long periods of time. When left alone they may bark excessively, which may annoy neighbors, and they may suffer from separation anxiety. If you work during long hours outside of the home, this may not be the best breed for you.

Frenchies can be noisy, they constantly snore, snort and grunt, and they are prone to flatulence. But most French Bulldog owners get used to the noises quickly and find this part of their personality quite amusing.

French Bulldog Training

Frenchies can be stubborn and difficult to train, although, when you use the appropriate technique, they can learn fast. Start training your puppy the day you bring him/her home and use gentle, positive techniques to motivate your new French Bulldog.

Start training your puppy the day you bring him/her home and use gentle, positive techniques to motivate your new French Bulldog. Even very young dogs can start learning, and the sooner you start the easier it will be in the long term.

Your Frenchie can start taking obedience classes outside of the home as soon as his/her vaccination schedule is complete – ask your dog’s vet before you start taking him/her to training lessons.

French Bulldogs lose interest in repetitive activities quickly. Training sessions should be short and the routine should be mixed up to keep your dog’s interest. Verbal rewards, affection, and treats are the best way to get positive results when training your French Bulldog.

Punishment and yelling will be counterproductive with any dog.

Enter your ZIP code below to view companies that have cheap pet insurance rates.

secured lock Secured with SHA-256 Encryption

French Bulldog Grooming

French Bulldogs do not require much grooming. They have a short and smooth coat that is easy to groom. It is recommended to brush them once or twice a week to remove dead hair. French bulldogs shed their undercoat twice a year (during the spring and fall shedding seasons).

Baths can take place every two to four weeks depending on your dog’s lifestyle. The only other grooming required is nail trimming, ear cleaning, and tooth brushing.

Pay special attention to the wrinkles when you bath your French bulldog — the wrinkles should always be clean and dry. You should clean your Frenchie’s wrinkles various times a week using a damp cloth or a baby wipe and then dry them thoroughly.

When wrinkles are moist, they become an excellent place for bacteria and fungi to grow and this may lead to dermatitis and pyoderma (skin inflammation due to bacteria and fungi growth).

French Bulldog Energy & Exercise

Most French Bulldogs have lots of energy, and even though they should not perform a rigorous exercise, they can use all that energy to play.

Given their size and temperament, French Bulldogs are considered “indoor dogs”, but they can be just as happy in a big home or on a farm with lots of wide-open space.

A couple of 15 minute walks per day and a few sessions of playing ball will help your Frenchie stay in shape and it will prevent many diseases.

Regular physical activity is also essential to have a well-behaved dog, because when your dog is “bored” he/she may start behaving inappropriately. French Bulldogs should not be exercised too hard in the summer months, as they are prone to heatstroke.

French Bulldog Nutrition & Feeding

Your best options for feeding your French Bulldog are commercial dry food (kibble) or canned food, and homemade meals. There are several types of commercial dog foods—how should you choose the best one for your Frenchie?

You should consider your dog’s size, age, and activity level. It is important to understand that dogs, just like us, need a nutritionally balanced meal with an appropriate amount of calories.

Dog food contains a combination of ingredients, including meat, grains, vitamins, minerals, fats, and byproducts. This combination is balanced to meet the nutritional requirements of dogs. If you prefer to feed your Frenchie a homemade meal, you should make sure it is nutritionally balanced.

Dr. Paula Terifaj from Founders Veterinary Clinic in California has developed a nutritionally balanced homemade dog recipe that you can use to feed your dog. You may also want to consult your dog’s veterinarian before you start feeding your Frenchie with homemade meals.

The amount of food that your French Bulldog should eat depends on the calories on that food. In general, if you are feeding a high-quality commercial dog food, your dog will need to eat less to get the number of calories that he or she needs.

To determine how much of a particular food, you should feed your French Bulldog, read the label on the dog food packaging or call the manufacturer for the information you need.

Small dogs such as French Bulldogs are especially prone to developing obesity. This is even more common in brachiocephalic dogs because they have limited exercise options – especially during hot weather. For this reason, it is very important to monitor your Frenchie’s weight and to feed him or her appropriately.

French Bulldogs can be prone to digestive distress and food allergies. Wheat products can cause digestive problems and lead to flatulence in some Frenchies.

Many dog foods contain fillers such as corn and other carbohydrates, which are used to add mass to the product, but have little nutritional value and are difficult to digest. These fillers are often the culprits of food allergies in dogs, but certain proteins may also cause this health condition.

Common signs of food allergies are skin irritation, rashes, itchiness, vomiting or diarrhea.  If your Frenchie suffers from food allergies, your veterinarian will recommend the best food for him or her.

Enter your ZIP code below to view companies that have cheap pet insurance rates.

secured lock Secured with SHA-256 Encryption

French Bulldog Pet Insurance

Different authorities offer different estimates of the average lifespan of French Bulldogs, with a range from 8 to 14 years. In addition to difficulty regulating their internal temperature, which makes them susceptible to heat and cold, Frenchies are known to suffer from a number of health conditions.

There is no way to know if your Frenchie will suffer from any of these illnesses, but the possibility is always there, and every dog will require special care as it gets older.
The right pet health insurance plan can help keep you from the added burden of financial worries when your dog requires medical care.

When choosing your pet insurance plan, it is a good idea to check if it covers the hereditary conditions mentioned above. Taking this precaution can save you lots of money and headaches.

The following pet insurance chart allows you to choose a plan that covers hereditary or breed-specific conditions such as brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia, and intervertebral disc disease:

Is A French Bulldog Right For You? 

A French Bulldog may be right for you if you want…

  • a small but sturdy dog – Frenchies are not delicate lapdogs
  • a dog that requires minimal grooming
  • a sociable dog that is good with kids
  • a dog that does not need much exercise
  • a quiet but attentive dog
  • a playful dog

A French Bulldog may NOT be right for you if…

  • you spend long hours working outside of your home
  • you do not want to deal with potential health problems
  • you do not want to deal with his/her snorting, snuffling, wheezing, snoring, some slobbering
  • you are not willing to tolerate his/her gassiness (flatulence)
  • you want a dog that is easy to train

For other types of dogs, check out our full list of dog breeds.

Other articles you may find helpful: 

Is Exotic Pet Insurance Necessary? 

The Best Pet Insurance By State 

What Is Pet Insurance?

Fun Facts, Dog FAQ, And Unsolicited Dog Advice

5 Training Commands to Save Your Dog’s Life

The Ultimate Guide to Safe Foods for Dogs

Dog Health Problems

Dog Breeds


Cat Health Problems

Cat Breeds

How do you choose a dog breed? There are so many awesome options! We have compiled a complete database about all the dog breeds, their mannerisms, care, and who they do best with. Statistically, some purebreds experience more health issues than mixed breeds. There are many pet insurance companies out there and we have put together a great article about the best puppy and dog pet insurance companies in the US

You may be interested in one of these dog breeds:

Akita Pet Insurance

Beagle Pet Insurance

Bernese Mountain Dog Pet Insurance

Bichon Frise

Bloodhound Pet Insurance

Border Collie Pet Insurance

Boston Terrier Pet Insurance

Boxer Dog Breed Information

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Pet Insurance

Chihuahua Pet Insurance

Chinese Crested

Chow Chow Pet Insurance

Cocker Spaniel Breed Information

Dachshund Pet Insurance

Doberman Pet Insurance

English Setter Pet Insurance

Fox Terrier

French Bulldog Breed Information

German Shepherd Breed Information

German Shorthaired Pointer Pet Insurance

Golden Retriever Breed Information

Great Dane Pet Insurance

Havanese Dogs | Average Cost and Care

Irish Water Spaniel

Italian Greyhound

Jack Russell Terrier Pet Insurance

Kerry Blue Terrier


Labradoodle Breed Info

Labrador Retriever Breed Information

Maltese Pet Insurance

Miniature Schnauzer Pet Insurance

Newfoundland Pet Insurance

Pit Bull Pet Insurance

Pomeranian Pet Insurance

Poodle Dog Breed Information

Portuguese Water Dog

Pug Pet Insurance

Rhodesian Ridgeback Pet Insurance

Shar-Pei Pet Insurance

Shetland Sheepdog Pet Insurance

Shih Tzu Pet Insurance

Siberian Husky Pet Insurance

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

St. Bernard Pet Insurance

Staffordshire Bull Terrier Pet Insurance

Vizsla Pet Insurance

Weimaraner Pet Insurance