Leslie Kasperowicz holds a BA in Social Sciences from the University of Winnipeg. She spent several years as a Farmers Insurance CSR, gaining a solid understanding of insurance products including home, life, auto, and commercial and working directly with insurance customers to understand their needs. She has since used that knowledge in her more than ten years as a writer, largely in the insuranc...

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Written by Leslie Kasperowicz
Farmers CSR for 4 Years Leslie Kasperowicz

Melanie Musson is the fourth generation in her family to work in the insurance industry. She grew up with insurance talk as part of her everyday conversation and has studied to gain an in-depth knowledge of state-specific car insurance laws and dynamics as well as a broad understanding of how insurance fits into every person’s life, from budgets to coverage levels. She also specializes in automa...

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Reviewed by Melanie Musson
Published Insurance Expert Melanie Musson

UPDATED: Jun 10, 2021

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You’re probably thinking what the heck is Xylitol?

For the newly initiated, xylitol is a substance that is mainly used as a sugar substitute.

While xylitol has been around for decades, it has become very popular because of its low sugar content, calories and its ability to fight plaque.

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Can Dogs Eat Foods with Xylitol?

Xylitol is extremely toxic for dogs even in small amounts.

While xylitol is safe for humans, although too much of it can have a laxative effect, it is very dangerous to dogs. Xylitol can cause seizures, hypoglycemia, liver failure, and can even be fatal.

You get the picture – xylitol should NEVER be eaten by dogs.

Related: 10 Things You Must Know Before You Buy Pet Insurance

What Foods or Products Contain Xylitol?

While none of us would eat xylitol plain, it is found in many of the following sugar-free items:

Xylitol Poisoning in Dogs
  • Gum
  • Candy
  • Pudding snacks
  • Cough syrup
  • Oral care products like toothpaste
  • Medications
  • Laxatives

Even some pain relievers and sleeping aids (most often the dissolvable kinds) have xylitol.

The most common source of xylitol poisoning comes from sugar-free gum.  It could even take just 2 pieces of gum to cause major problems.

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Why is Xylitol Dangerous For Dogs?

In dogs and humans, our blood sugar levels are controlled by the amount of insulin level that is released from the pancreas.

When a dog eats something containing xylitol, the xylitol is immersed in a dog’s bloodstream at such a fast pace that the amount of insulin released from the pancreas is much higher than it should be.

Due to this accelerated increase of insulin, a dog’s blood sugar level can drop significantly, and cause hypoglycemia.  This can happen as quickly as 15 minutes after a dog eats xylitol.

If left untreated, the hypoglycemia can even be life-threatening. Hypoglycemia can occur if a dog eats anywhere from 50 to 100 milligrams of xylitol for each pound of your dog’s weight.

If your dog eats a very high dose, there is even a risk of liver failure.

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Symptoms of Xylitol Poisoning

The signs of xylitol poisoning usually appear quickly and might include any of the following:

  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Lethargic
  • Tremors
  • Dizzy
  • Difficulty Walking
  • Coma

In the most severe cases, a dog could have seizures or even liver failure.

What Should I Do If My Dog Ingests Xylitol?

If you think your dog ate something with xylitol, call your vet immediately or even the pet poison hotline. You need to get your dog treated ASAP.

Even if there is an assumption of xylitol poisoning, your vet will start treatment right away because of how quickly hypoglycemia or even liver failure can occur. Your vet will assess your dog’s condition depending on his glucose level through blood work analysis.

It’s best not to induce vomiting on your own unless your vet directs you to do so. But if your dog hasn’t shown any clinical signs, your vet might induce vomiting.

If there have been some clinical signs of toxicity, your vet will treat your dog based on the symptoms that have developed.

Your dog will need to be hospitalized to monitor his sugar levels and given intravenous fluids and any other care that might be necessary. There will be blood work conducted frequently to make sure your dogs’ liver and blood sugar levels stay normal after the xylitol has passed through his system.

If your pup is treated timely, the prognosis is very positive. If liver failure has already occurred, the prognosis is not good.

Pet Insurance Helps With Xylitol Toxicity Treatment Costs

If your dog eats anything with Xylitol, the consequences can be very serious. There is no doubt that you will need at least a vet visit with some sort of treatment or your dog might need to be hospitalized.

This will all happen so quickly and all you care about is getting your dog the right treatment ASAP!

When this is all said and done, you are going to be very happy if you have pet insurance. And, not so happy if you don’t!

Vet bills are very expensive and if your dog had to be hospitalized for a few days, the bill could easily cost anywhere up to $10,000. For this one incident!  And this is when pet insurance can really save you money.

The best pet insurance companies will pay the majority of the vet and hospital bill for the xylitol incident.

Healthy Paws, Petplan, and even PetFirst will pay anywhere from 80% to 90% of the bill for the blood work, treatment, and even any post-treatment that could be necessary.

Of course, pet insurance can pay for every new health condition that your dog might encounter.  And, this is why those sneaky dogs need it.

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How to Keep Dogs Away From Xylitol

If you or anyone at your house use any products that contain xylitol, make sure they are out of reach of your pets.

If you like to brush your dog’s teeth, make sure it is with a toothpaste that is made for dogs.  A lot of human oral-care products have xylitol.

Chewing gum with xylitol should always be kept in a drawer.

Be very careful when you dispose of any xylitol products in your trash can.

Common Foods That Are Also Unsafe For Dogs

Some additional food items that are best to keep away from your dogs are:

Xylitol Poisoning Can Be Avoided

If you have any products at home that have xylitol like chewing gum, sugar-free snacks or even toothpaste with xylitol, just do your best to keep them away from your dog.

While dogs can and do get into trouble, if you can be extra careful with these products, you should be OK.

There are some other food and fruit that is safe and not safe for pups and they can be found in our ultimate safe food guide for dogs.

Other articles you may find helpful: 


Is Exotic Pet Insurance Necessary? 

The Best Pet Insurance By State 

What Is Pet Insurance?

Fun Facts, Dog FAQ, And Unsolicited Dog Advice

5 Training Commands to Save Your Dog’s Life

The Ultimate Guide to Safe Foods for Dogs

Dog Health Problems

Dog Breeds


Cat Health Problems

Cat Breeds


Finding safe alternative foods for your dogs to eat can be tricky. We have a long list of articles about every food you could possibly consider feeding your dog. One thing we recommend is that you consider looking into pet insurance for your pet and you can start by checking out the best rates for dog and puppy insurance


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